New research by the Association of Independent Professionals and the Self-Employed (IPSE) has found that 45 percent self-employed respondents fear they will not have enough money to cover basic costs like rent and bills during the Covid-19 crisis, despite the government support on offer.
Sixty-six percent add they are worried they will use all their savings in the next three months, while 69 percent say that the demand for their work has dropped and 53% say it has decreased substantially.
There is now a range of support available for freelancers from the government, but 60 percent say it is not enough to sustain their business and their income through the crisis.
Freelancers were asked about the government support on offer both before and after the Self-Employment Income Support Scheme was announced. Among sole trader freelancers – many of whom are eligible for the scheme – the proportion who felt government measures would not sustain their business during the crisis dropped from 60% before the announcement to 43% after it. Among freelancers working through limited companies – who are not eligible for the scheme – the percentage rose from 58-69 percent.
On average, freelancers think that without work, their savings would last them 21 weeks. This is much lower for sole traders (13 weeks) compared to freelancers working through limited companies (27 weeks). Eleven percent said they have no savings and 19% think their savings will only cover them for up to a month.
The report has several recommendations to mitigate the financial damage to different self-employed groups, including a dividend income in the Job Retention Scheme to help Limited Company directors, temporarily relax the Universal Credit application criteria for self-employed people waiting for the SEISS grant in June, to extend the SEISS scheme to the newly self-employed by letting them file an early tax return before the end of April and introduce a taper above the £50,000 salary threshold for the SEISS.
Andy Chamberlain, director of Policy at IPSE said the research shows that it is not just a few self-employed people falling through the cracks in the government support, but that across the sector, freelancers are facing dire financial damage because of the Covid-19 crisis.
He said: “The Self-Employment Income Support Scheme (SEISS) offered generous support to many sole traders, but there are a lot of freelancers who will struggle in the interim before it can be implemented. Government should look at ways to open up access to temporary support before June.
“The lack of support for limited company directors in SEISS is not just a crack: it is a gaping hole in the package. The government must act quickly to fill it. We believe the best way would be to include dividend income – through which many limited company directors pay themselves – in the Job Retention Scheme.
“This would allow the self-employed who work through limited companies to furlough themselves and hold on to 80 percent of their income. If not, we suggest a bespoke solution involving either a grant or a temporary tax break for this significant and under-supported group.
“The government has made great strides in supporting the self-employed through the Coronavirus crisis, but this research shows too many freelancers are still getting left behind. We urge the government to act on these findings and help more of this diverse and vital group through the coming months.”
Ben Willmott, head of public policy at CIPD, echoed Chamberlain’s comments. He added: “CIPD strongly backs the recommendation to allow dividend income earned by company directors to be considered in calculating earnings under the Job Retention Scheme.
“This would help support the livelihoods of hard-pressed small company owners and the ability of their businesses to bounce back once the crisis has passed.
“We also would urge the Government to consider seriously the other recommendations put forward by IPSE to help freelancers keep going through this crisis.”